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Tomas Hvizdak


HEALTH
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5 MIN READ

What exactly are drugs?

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2 months ago
2 months ago
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Drugs are substances that act on the central nervous system, and so intervene in natural physical processes. In doing so, they can influence the perception of sensory impressions, feelings and moods. Drugs have a perception and consciousness-altering effect.


The word 'drug' comes from the Dutch term 'droog' and means 'dry'. Originally one means with 'drugs' dried plants or herbs, dies as spice, perfume or medicine is used. In this sense, the still common name of the good old 'drugstore' is understood. And in English, 'drug' is not just for narcotics but for medicines in general.


Therefore, any drug can be a drug, including preparation, type of administration, dosage, duration of use and purpose. Any non-medically necessary intake of medicines, such as painkillers, sleeping pills or narcotics, is then a substance abuse.


By drugs, we mean all agents that stimulate or calm. First in pleasant - but also unpleasant - moods, and make him physically and / or emotionally dependent. The same applies to illegal drugs such as alcohol, nicotine and medicines as well as to illegal drugs such as hashish, ecstasy, cocaine, heroin etc., whose possession, trade, cultivation and import are punishable.


The drug dictionary describes drugs as substances that change our consciousness. Because of this direct, mind-altering effect on our central nervous system, they are also called psychoactive or psychotropic. Therefore, they are also referred to as a collective term for substances covered by the Narcotics Act with psychotropic, mind-altering and mood-altering effects.


The World Health Organization (WHO) defines any substance as a drug that contains functions for changing the prohibition in a living organism. Along with cannabis, cocaine, opiates, hallucinogens, tobacco, analgesics, stimulants, sleeping pills and tranquilizers, the WHO also uses this drug term to include everyday drugs such as alcohol, coffee and tea.


As so-called psychotropic substances, intoxicants can cause dependence, which can be psychic (mental) or physical (physical). From dependance is therefore some "running", so be only with a specific prominence on alcohol work or relax and switch can.


The transitions from abuse to dependency are often fluid and therefore particularly treacherous. Constant abuse or regular, prolonged drug use usually leads directly into a dependency. Often, without that being fully aware.


Everyone knows the usual excursion destinations in the circle of friends and acquaintances such as:

  • "I have this completely under control",
  • "Next week I stop smoking, drinking, smoking and so on" or
  • "I really do not need the stuff, can stop whenever I want "- mostly just a wishful thinking and self-deception.


Why do teenagers take drugs?


A general reason why a person takes drugs is almost impossible. There is only one case. It is a common misconception to assume that only fragile, frustrated and isolated and especially troubled adolescents who come from broken homes are taking drugs.


If you look at the CVs of drug addicts, there are also teenagers who come from so-called intact families, are popular in their class and set the tone in the circle of friends. In any case, it is problematic when dealing with narcotic drugs if a teenager has not learned to deal with conflicts or endure disappointment, when he is afraid to fail, not to be accepted, when he has no self-esteem and from feelings like boredom, Anger, fear and loneliness is crushed.


In 2004, Theo Baumgärtner found out from a survey of Hamburg students and teachers that, especially in the case of illegal drugs, consumer motifs such as 'curiosity', 'experiencing the new and exciting' were the most frequently cited reasons for using drugs. For every fifth student especially the 'forbidden' exerts the greatest incentive to consume. And about one-third of the interviewees in turn gave the 'feeling of belonging' and 'sociability' in the joint consumption in the group of like-minded as a motive.



What are legal and illegal drugs?


For drugs, most of you will think mainly about the illegal substances prohibited by the narcotics law, or the so-called "hard" drugs, such as heroin, cocaine, LSD, ecstasy or cannabis. This is not surprising, because the consumption of legal drugs such as alcohol, tobacco, casino games and medicines is common, widespread and widely accepted by society.


Each of you can observe the more or less self-evident handling of cigarettes, alcohol and painkillers or sedatives in the family, friend, colleague, classmate, classmate or circle of acquaintances. That's why they are also called everyday drugs.


A normal day in the life of a normal person:


In the morning, first a coffee and a cigarette to wake up, the same ritual then during work, at the university, the school - wherever. One more coffee after dinner, plus a cigarette for digestion. Maybe a shot because the food was so greasy. Before the difficult test, a sedation tablet, a tablet against the nasty headache from working on the computer or against the stomach problems of the many coffee, the lousy food and the constant stress and anger. In the evening then one, two, three or more after-work beer or little pigs to relax, to switch off, to forget. To fall asleep yet a sleeping pill, because tomorrow is again a long day ...


Today it has become almost natural for many people - and also for many children or adolescents - to change their condition with the help of certain means.


Every one of us knows dozens of examples just to stay with alcohol:


  • The birthday party,
  • the debut or farewell of a work,
  • vocational school or
  • study colleague,
  • the successful completion of an action (for example, a football match won),
  • negotiation or activity (for example, the passed final exam) and the
  • social evening with friends in the pub, disco, in the beer garden, at home ..., are mostly sealed with alcohol.


Woe to the one who does not drink. He must be able to be labeled as a play and fun spoiler or as a "sissy." So it wants the peer pressure, because the human is a social being. So sure you also know the saying: "A glass in honor, nobody can deny ..."


Of course, many people find it hard to consider recreational drugs that are hypo-onerous drugs as dangerous drugs, but alcohol abuse claims the most fatalities. And smoking is the number one disease and cause of death worldwide.


In addition, repeated abuse of legal drugs such as alcohol, nicotine, and medications may encourage or encourage entry into the use of illicit drugs, as has been shown in studies on the link between legal and illegal drugs.

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