Clicking photographs can be your hobby or you do it professionally, but if you do it smartly using strong photography skills, the results will be outstanding. This will help in building a solid portfolio for your client to show.
Here are few tips that you should follow:
1. Make control on ‘focus’ of the camera
Sometimes your chosen subject may not be in the centre of the frame. The camera has a number of focus points spread across frame which offers you to focus on the subject that is off center. Set your camera on single-point autofocus mode which facilitates you to manually focus on the subject that is off center. Hence you can click the photograph of the subject which is not focused on the frame.
2. Set ‘white balance’ of camera correct
You should set white balance in your camera correctly to achieve more exposure and color for your shot. This will give you best results. If your subject is dominated by single colors like sky blue or orange sunset than you should manually preset the value of white balance. The manually preset value will counteract this strong color and you will get a better image that suits the lighting conditions.
3. Interpret the histogram
Histogram display on your camera’s rear screen helps you to check the exposure of your shots. This tool helps you to understand the quality of under and overexposed shots. Images of overexposed shots have the gap to the left of the histogram and the graph goes at the very high level to the right side. The opposite is true for, underexposed shots that is, the graph will have the gap to the right side and goes up in the left side.
4. Use ’N.D. grade lens‘ filter
You can use an N.D. grade lens to solve the problem of ‘high contrast lighting images’. These filters are half dark and half clear. Place the dark side of filter over the lightest area of an image to reduce the brightness and vice versa. They are more useful for those images, whose larger part is brighter than the remaining area like images of open landscape or sky. But it is not useful for those images which contain the brighter area in small parts like window or sunlight passing through the trees.
5. Place your subject at right position
Thinking about the right position for your subject before taking a shot will make a perfect composition for your final image. Traditionally the subject is placed at the center but if you place it off the center, it looks more balanced. You can use the rule of ‘thirds’, where the image is divided into three equal-sized areas by imaginary lines. You can place the subject either in between these lines or where they intersect.
6. Use High Dynamic Range (H.D.R.) images
It is becoming a popular technique for capturing images. Take three shots of one image underexposed, overexposed and last correctly exposed. Merge these shots using ‘merge to HDR tools’ in Photoshop or using software such as ‘HDR Efex pro’ or Photomatix.