Physical activity is an important building block for a healthy life, because:
physical activity affects the whole body. Only with sufficient activity, the normal function of most vital organs is maintained, the balance of energy remains in balance and the body weight in the normal range. Only in this way can we maintain or improve our physical performance.
How movement affects the body
- Exercise promotes good health
- Exercise lowers the risk of disease
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Therapy and Rehabilitation:
This is how exercise works
Exercise counteracts most health risk factors, but lack of exercise promotes them. Whether we stay healthy depends largely on whether we move for a lifetime.
How movement affects the body
How exercise or lack of exercise affects the body.
- Influence of movement on movement Lack of exercise
- Increases energy expenditure decreases
- Body weight (with constant calorie intake) decreases
- Cardiovascular system becomes more powerful becomes weaker
- Stamina improves and worsens
- Blood pressure goes down
- Fat metabolism improves and worsens
- Total cholesterol decreases
- LDL cholesterol is reduced rises
- HDL cholesterol increases decreases
- increase decrease triglycerides
- Sugar metabolism improves and worsens
- Insulin levels drop does not drop
- Blood sugar level drops does not drop
- Musculoskeletal system becomes more efficient becomes weaker
- Muscle strength improves and worsens
- Bone density decreases
- Support function, stability improves deteriorates
- Agility, resilience of joints decreases
- Immune defense improves and worsens
- Brain functions improve worsen
- Cerebral circulation improves and worsens
- Regeneration of nerve cells is encouraged is not encouraged
- Psyche antidepressant action no antidepressant effect
Exercise promotes good health
Energy expenditure has a central impact on the health and fitness of the whole body because it affects most other known risk factors, e.g. body fat percentage (abdominal girth), bone density, insulin sensitivity, blood lipids, and blood pressure. Power and endurance, on the other hand, are basic requirements for physical performance.
From around the age of 35, the body's capacity to lose weight due to natural aging processes begins to decrease. With increasing age, therefore, increases the risk of health problems. Physical inactivity causes or promotes these degradation processes. Adequate exercise and targeted training help to reduce the risk factors for illnesses and to grow older in a healthy way.
Note Certain effects of movement may occur after a short time, e.g. Improve muscle strength and fat metabolism in about four to six weeks after the start of training. However, in order to reduce the risk of ill health and to live in health for as long as possible, exercise must be carried out regularly, on the right scale and for life.
Exercise and Health in Europe: Insights for action
Physical activity is a fundamental means of improving people's physical and mental health. It reduces the risk of many noncommunicable diseases and also benefits society because it contributes to increased social exchange and engagement in groups. Unfortunately, more than half of the population in the WHO European Region is not physically as active as it would be in terms of health recommendations, and the trend is towards less, not more, physical activity.
A potentially meaningful response to this challenge is therefore the promotion of healthy physical activity. In such an approach, exercise is considered an important part of daily life rather than an additional option at the end of a full day's program.
This booklet is aimed at policy makers and leaders in areas such as health, sports and recreation, transport, employment, urban planning, education and mass media, all of whom can do their part to promote physical activity. It gives facts about physical health promotion, provides examples of actions already taken, highlights possible contributions from the health sector and other sectors, and encourages concerted action across the WHO European Region.